Prevention of HPV infection
Preventing papillomavirus infection is possible with:
A responsible sex life: condoms can help protect you against HPV.
- A balanced diet
- Avoiding smoking
- Frequent exercise
Annual gynaecological check-ups: sexually active women in the general population should be screened from age 30.
Primary prevention begins with vaccinating girls aged 9 to 14 against HPV before they become sexually active.
Vaccines do not treat HPV infection or associated diseases such as cancer, and they are not a substitute for cervical cancer screening.